Between the 1770s through the mid-nineteenth century, a prominent trend in literature and other arts – mainly music and painting – was known as Romanticism. It is thought to have influenced creative forms and techniques.
The term, like many other terms used to describe artistic trends, encompassing a wide spectrum of artists and techniques.
It’s a phrase coined by later literary, artistic, and musical scholars. None of the artists we call Romantics would describe themselves as such.
In art and literature throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Romanticism was a reaction against the previous centuries’ neo-classicism. It’s a direct result of the French Revolution. The Romantic Poets were influenced by the French Revolution, which was strongly influenced by Rousseauism, for both terms of revolutionary goals and excesses of cruelty. The sociological concept provided the creative inspiration for this early 19th creative writing.
The artificial conventions, the existing literary tradition, and the political establishment are all opposed to Romanticism. It was envisioned in the Neo-classical philosophy of poetry as a form of imitation and as a skill that can be learned through practice. According to poets, poetry serves a purpose.
This point of view is intended to both inform and pleasure. Art is a glass in which we can see ourselves reflected. The poet himself is the essence of poetry for the Romantics. The Romantics reject the traditional assumption that poetry is a laborious process. Poetry, according to Blake, originates from passion, insight, and prophesy.
In terms of ideas, forms, language, and style of poetry, Romantic poets were bold. Low class and quirky characters, such as a stupid kid or a leech trapper, provide material for Wordsworth’s poetic treatment. Coleridge (The AzcienMt ariner) and Keats both incorporate supernatural elements in their works (The Eve of St. Agnes). Romantic poetry frequently deals with the “far away and long ago,” exotic locations, and forgotten occurrences. It takes its cues from folklore, Middle Ages literature, and classical antiquity literature. Another innovation is the employment of symbolist approaches, which Blake and Shelley, for example, pioneered. The poems “West Wind” and “Skylark” by the latter author are excellent examples.
Highlight the salient features of Romanticism MEG-01 British Poetry
Natural world replaced humankind as the lyrical language for Romantic poets. As a result, the description of environment and its characteristics takes centre stage. Nature, in fact, had the capacity to exhort and tame writers like Wordsworth. While neoclassical poetry focuses on other people, such as Pope’s The Rape of Lock, Romantic poetry focuses on the poet himself. The latter, on the other hand, is very subjective. Solitary individuals, societal non-conformists, outcasts, and rebels like Prometheus, Cain, Don Juan, and Satan piqued the interest of Romantic poets.
Another notable improvement is the use of ordinary people’s everyday speech rather than soaring poetic diction. We’ll go through this in further depth later. To replace established forms, Romantic writers explored for new metres and verses. The ballad, the sonnet, the Spenserian stanza, and other experimental poem forms replaced the heroic couplet. In Romantic poetry, rural life is idealised. The Romantic poets were enthralled by the wild, the irregular, and the grotesque in nature and art. The use of taboo subjects like incest is unrestricted. Tradition and etiquette, as practiced by previous generations, are no longer honoured.
Classicism as well as Romanticism are often seen as radically different. Classicism is concerned about social, formal, intellectual, and static aspects of life, whilst Romanticism is interested with the individual, informational, emotional, and dynamic aspects of life. Individual characteristics, rather than differences, figure prominently in classical literature. Sir Roger, played by Joseph Addison, is a fundamental human type. The Romantics, on the other hand, drew a page from Rousseau, who remarked, “If I am not better than other people, at least I am different.” Conformity, formality, acceptance of recognised standards, and behavioural patterns were all important to Neo-classical writers. Classicism is defined by meticulous craftsmanship. The conceptual frameworks are kept by classical writers, but they are ignored by Romantic writers.
Romanticism focuses on the emotional, while classicism focuses on the rational. The former is more concerned with exploring static scenes in Greek sculpture, whilst the latter is more focused in capturing fleeting moments. As a result in many ways, the Romantic Movement was a revolutionary movement.