Throughout Whitman’s life and work, nature plays a major role in two ways: as the material world of things such as nature and as the force—which is usually represented as feminine—that permeates and governs that material universe (natura naturans). Whitman’s poetry from before the Civil War is characterised by a strong emphasis on the naturata element of nature, with many of his poems focusing on particular natural things. Throughout his latter works, such as Democratic Vistas (1871) and his final notable poem, “Passage to India,” (1871), the “naturans” element appears, and nature is pictured in a purely abstract concept.
Throughout his latter works, such as Democratic Vistas (1871) and his final notable poem, “Passage to India,” (1871), the “naturans” element appears, and nature is pictured in a purely abstract concept.
The poems in Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass cover a wide range of topics, symbols, and concepts, but the one thing that each of Whitman’s poems has in common is that they all express the natural aspects of the world, be it the weather or season of, scenery, wildlife, trees, petals, or the grass itself. Because Whitman thought that humans were always a part of nature and thus takes their journey with nature even after death, he praises aspects of the natural world in his poetry. This is reflected in two of his poems, “Song of Myself” and “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d”. When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” delves on the idea of grass, while “Song of Myself” delves into the idea of flowers, particularly lilacs. Despite the fact that these two poems deal with distinct aspects of nature, Whitman integrates and examines the wheel of life, trust and optimism, and revival in both of these poems.
The concept of nature is reflected not only in the name of Whitman’s book or in the poetry, but also throughout the book’s pages. The pages of “Leaves of Grass” are made out of real grass leaves. It may be argued that the title draws attention to the fact that every pages or every blade of grass has its own unique beauty. Whenever the book pages or grass blades are brought together, they form a total, which represents unity in its many forms. Whitman’s technique of composing his poems is a reflection of the movements of nature. Nature, like Whitman, is unconcerned about the type of paper he used to write on,or the appearance of his final manuscript, just as nature is unconcerned about the type of grass or flowers that it creates or how they are produced. In contrast to the brilliant green hue and sharp blades of grass that may enhance the ambiance of a park or home, grass can also be difficult to manage and can develop between road gaps and in other areas their growth is not desired. As an example, although trees are beautiful to look at, much like a good clean composition, but their roots are not nearly as attractive as their leaves and flowers are. The roots of a tree are capable of ripping up a sidewalk and collapsing at the time of storms, and they may not always be attractive after a long number of years in the ground. Whitman’s writing style is similar to that of grass and trees. It might not be the most convenient to prepare or the most attractive in appearance, but once that is grasped, it is as razor as a blade of green grass and shines as brightly as a flower whenever the sunlight reflects off it.
One of the aspects that is immediately noticeable in “Leaves of Grass” is how Whitman is utilising the significance of nature as a metaphor to demonstrate to people how it provides a universal function. He utilises grass to illustrate how the nature is apart from being ubiquitous, but can also be seen in a variety of diverse settings all year round, regardless of the season.
Line 359 describes “the grass that grows anywhere there is land and water.” This kind of grass could be found all year long and did not need a fencing to grow well. According to Whitman, the universal goal of nature is to link not just the living human being but also the deceased. He does this by providing the deceased a reason to exist and explains how they contribute to the well-being of nature. Whitman also thinks that a body of a deceased may be used as a beneficial fertiliser, resulting in lush grass and blooming flowers in this instance.
Whitman’s ecocritical approach provides readers with a fresh perspective on grass and the ways in which a single component of nature can be so transformative. Grass, according to Whitman, played an essential part in keeping wheel of life going on indefinitely. The physical body, grass or plants, death against life, and embracing natural settings are all themes that appear in many of his works. In “Song of Myself,” the artist conveys the desire for people to feel relaxed with nature. Humans have lost contact with nature, even though it is the one uniform in their existence, as Whitman addresses in his poem. This is one of the major themes that Whitman explores in his work. Because of this, he is commemorating the concept of being a part of nature and continuing his journey with nature even after he has died. The concept of death, or even the act of dying, does not scare him since he challenges nature and the dead, while simultaneously linking them to the real world.
While Whitman’s sixth part is primarily concerned with grass, it is also concerned with his attempts to determine what the grass’s function is. When a kid inquires as to what grass is, he is unable to provide a response; nevertheless, he does have a variety of possible answers. Because the colour green represents hope, it is possible that grass serves as a symbol of hope. With the use of metaphor, Whitman compares grass to “the lovely uncut hair of graves” in his poem (line 101). Because the soil contains the remains of deceased people, the ground acts as a grave. Body parts stay on earth after death and are incorporated into the soil, where they are utilised to produce grass and vegetables. The deceased assist in the rebirth of life and provide hope in that new life. Diane Kepner shows how the form of a single blade of grass may have a significant impact on the environment. Whitman considers the form of grass to be something that may be bent or bent again. He claims that it might be God’s handkerchief, or something that God placed on the world so that people would remember him.
This discovery demonstrates how a seemingly little element, such as grass, may represent much more than just something that is a part of nature. Grass, in this context, represents religion. As a result of the fact that grass may bend into various letters, the possibilities for what it might symbolise are almost limitless. Above the grass, however, is life, which Whitman depicts not through the eyes of humans, but rather through the eyes of nature and surroundings. While Whitman explores what grass may represent and what is underneath the grass, he also emphasises all that takes on above the grass in his writing. Human people, animals, and other natural components, such as flowers, make up the majority of the life that can be found above grass 1. What happens above the grass is where people create memories, go on adventures, and enjoy the beauty of nature. The same way that various faiths such as Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, and many more are practised all over the globe, different kinds of grasses can be found all over the world. A leaf or a spear of grass may be read in the same way as a Bible, Scripture, or any other holy book can be to discover the nature of one’s existence, just as a Bible, Scripture, or any other sacred document can. A religious holy book contains beliefs, tales, and, in most cases, a list of dos and don’ts for followers of the religion. Something quite close to this is achieved in Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass. One of the concepts explored in “Song of Myself” is the notion of grass having a more significant part in society than most people would anticipate. Stories are spoken and heard by the grass in and of itself; it educates Whitman to consider all that the grass might symbolise; and it is via the grass that Whitman is able to convey his own ideas. Whitman’s views are written on the leaves of grass, or, to put it another way, on the pages of the book, according to the title of the book. Through the use of Leaves of Grass, he constructs his own scripture. Whitman did not adhere to any religious beliefs, but he did practise what he believed in and pursued his own path rather than that of religious leaders. Whitman considered Leaves of Grass to be his own bible, and he would adhere to his works as if they were his own. He, on the other hand, had a great deal of respect for those who adhered to various religious beliefs.
Whitman is able to come up with the numerous parallels that he offers because he is inspired by the concept of grass, which makes it relevant to the particular self. The idea of a natural element, such as grass or flowers, is related to the concept of people in the sense that both are living entities that will ultimately die and reappear on the scene. Whitman compares the human body to parts of nature, such as hay, flowers, and wheat, in Section Twenty-Four of The Waste Land.
It only possesses According to Whitman’s poetry, every minute that a human being spends with nature, every time spent taking note of the bright flowers and sharp blades of grass, each and every beauty that a human being sees, will be unique and distinct. It’s something that people will never be able to experience again, yet new memories will be created however many times as we grant them to be created. Natural forces have this ability to surprise and delight us at every turn. When we spend time in nature, we are sure to learn something new.