Postmodernism lays special emphasis on identity and difference. Discuss.
English Literature

Postmodernism lays special emphasis on identity and difference. Discuss.

A fascinating aspect of the word ‘postmodernism’ is that on the one hand it refers to anything that came after modernism as an inevitable consequence of it, but on the other it refers to the sheer presence of modernism as a negative and illogical category. Thinkers and literary figures of influence Lying in the nineteen eighty and nineties was too language aware, and words were utilised to indicate more than they were intended to denote in most situations. Consider the term ‘postmodernism,’ which refers to something more than “after” or “later,” something more than just the “next phase” of a previously existent trend in which the term ‘post’ is used. According to what we have learned, the term “modern” became widely popular in the early twentieth century, despite the fact that it was the subject of lengthy and intense discussions in the eighteenth century. When it comes to things and events, postmodernism likes to focus on the external picture rather than making inferences or proposing hidden meanings that are connected with the interior of the objects or events. It was also a pejorative term at the time, with connections to the behaviour style of a newly emerging bourgeoisie. Traditional ideals and established standards were associated with the aristocracy, whereas “modern” represented something different: something new, rootless, unreliable, erratic and unpredictable. Modern was given an appealing tint of current, actual, and present by the early twentieth century, which resounded in the realm of actuality. The term therefore included the whole existentialist movement, which was devoted to the real and concrete, as well as its predecessors.

When dealing with postmodernism, one of the most difficult things to do is differentiate it from modernism. Contemporary modernism was defined as both a broad tendency that covered the course of life over many decades and a perspective that saw abstract ideas of behaviour manifested in particular circumstances. Modernism was a school of thought. From around the nineteen seventies forward, cultural-academic institutions in the western bourgeois world began to be cautious when it came to the term’modernism,’ since the term represented a theory, no matter how nuanced and vague, that allowed the interpretation to gain entrance into a phenomena.

If it is considered a doctrine, it may either be accepted, controverted, or rejected. The discussion helped pave the way for an alternative paradigm that is more logical, consistent and reality-centered than the one that existed before to this argument. Modernism as a ‘ism,’ interpreted in structuralist-poststructuralist terms, generated a palpable critique of the Cold War, competitiveness, and technology-centred approaches, and became increasingly difficult or inconvenient for a system that thrived on the cynical pursuit of consumerism and crass profiteering.


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In ‘postmodernism,’ the clever use of the prefix ‘post’ enabled a newly minted philosopher to reject or negate everything that had occurred previously and declare that we had arrived at a point of ‘post-progress, post-history, and ‘post-reason,’ i.e., a realm where consistency, connectedness, general truth or truths had all lost their validity. Postmodernism questioned the concepts of time and space, as well as the notions of a past, present, and future, as well as the idea that various cultures had unique patterns of behaviour to be observed and understood.

“Post” is not just a descriptive term, but is rather a denial of all existence and history up to the point of ‘modernity,’ or the point of “modernism.” In many ways, postmodern artists and theorists continue the kinds of experimentation that we can see in modernist works, like the use of identity, joke, sarcasm, fragmentation, generic mixing, vagueness,  and the break – down between high and low forms of expression, among others. Thus, postmodern artistic aspects is seen as an augmentation of modernist experimentation; however, some scholars prefer to portray the transition into postmodernism as a more radical break, one that is the result of new ways to represent the world, such as television, film particularly after the popularisation of colour and sound, and the computer, among other innovations. However, some critics believe that World War II marked a radical break from modernity, due to the horrors of nazism and other modernist revolutions such as communism and Maoism that were made evident at the time.

Postmodernism lays special emphasis on identity and difference. Discuss.

A postmodernist phase has engulfed the western bourgeois world, and audio-visual media have been used to call into question the very notions of inequality, deprivation, and injustice, which are merely words that mean something only when they are used in conjunction with equality, availability, and justice, respectively. According to postmodernism, the latter set is susceptible to being called into question since it does not relate to any universally accepted norm of judgement. This is the reasoning of the deconstructionist, who is always questioning everything in order to proclaim the dominance of illogicality and anarchy as the only legitimate way of thinking. Postmodernists and deconstructionists believe that the essence of truth is found in a person’s perception of a reality that may signify something completely different to another individual. It is difficult to decode or interpret any general message in a text or vocal structure when there is no theoretical connection between two people.

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